OC4H glossary

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The buyer is the entity whose budget will be used to purchase the goods, works or services that are the subject of the contracting process. The buyer may be different from the procuring entity who may be specified in the tender data.


Civil Society Organization (CSO)

A group of people operating in the community which is distinct from government and business.


A system to categorize goods, organizations, services, etc.


A list of possible values for a given field, each consisting of a machine readable code, and a human readable title and description. When a field uses a closed codelist, values MUST come from the codelist. When a field uses an open codelist, values SHOULD come from the codelist unless there is a good reason to use other values.


Secret or illegal cooperation, malpractice or conspiracy done in order to deceive others.

competitive dialogue

"A procurement method involving: (a) a public advance


How well a dataset meets the open contracting data standard. A full evaluation of conformance invovles checking both the syntax (validation) and semantics (alignment of term use) of a dataset.


A document that, once agreed and signed by all parties, legally binds them.

contracting body

A legal entity that can perform procurement for other agencies.

contracting data

Data relating to any aspect of the contracting process, as defined in OCDS, including planning, tender, award, contract and implementation.

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